In practice, two ways of growing violets from seeds are used: sowing seeds immediately in the open ground or pre-cultivation of seedlings. The latter method is considered more successful, since when using it, it is possible to get flowering plants from the current calendar year.
To get high-quality planting substance, sowing seedlings should be performed from the past ten years of February or in March. To carry out such activities after mid-spring is not advisable, because the seeds have been stored in the open field in the previous decade of April or in early May.
Pre-prepared and berry seeds can be sown in almost any container, such as plastic cups, cassettes, cuts of plastic bottles or food packaging. All components are taken in equal proportions and mixed thoroughly.
While utilizing the standard system of sowing, shallow furrows, roughly 3-5 millimeters, are created in the nutrient solvent using a pen, the distance between the rows is currently about 1 centimeter. Then the seeds are set in the holes every two centimeters and covered by soil. Now, it’s crucial to water the crops with water and cover the container with translucent film.
The very first sprouts of pansies usually appear in 7-10 days from the time of sowing. A later sprouting of seeds comes in the cases of:
- The use of planting substance;
- in the event of filling the seeds with a thick layer of soil;
- when using a nutrient substrate of the incorrect composition, for instance, clay dirt.
Growing violets from seedswhen to plant, planting and care, species and varieties
In the spring phase, the direct rays of the sun pansies are not afraid, so containers with seedlings may be put even in the southern part of the apartment. After sprouting, the violet has quite strong stems, but this doesn’t necessarily mean that you need to instantly get rid of the film in the container.
Viola needs a fantastic watering, but moistening the soil should be carried out as the top coating dries. To carry out such steps, it’s well worth using melt or rain water. Normal tap water must preferably stand for 2-3 days. Plants are afraid of overwatering, because a high concentration of water from the soil may cause rotting of the flower roots. Picking up violets
Transplant young plants to new containers must be when the first two true leaves are formed. Pansies aren’t scared of transplanting, they take root at an fresh nutritious substrate despite minor damage to the immune system, which occasionally happens when the plant is removed from the container. Such violets are a bit slower in growth, but the general performance is not affected.
To have a quality healthy flower, such civilizations when selecting in a fresh container are deepened to the cotyledons, which will provide a chance to receive extra roots on the underground part of the stemcells. Pruning
This kind of event as stem pruning allows you to attain a greater tillering of this civilization. Such steps are carried out following the look of 5-6 actual leaves.
Planting of backyard violets in a permanent place is contingent upon the climatic features of a specific region. Such activities should be performed with the start of stable warm weather in the last ten years of April or in the initial days moyakovka.ru of May. For planting the flower allocate a well sunlit location.
After digging the dirt for every planting hole, then add crushed charcoal of moderate fraction of 200 g and the exact identical amount of humus. Viola develops nicely in soils consisting of peat, humus and sod dirt in equal proportions with the accession of half of the sand.
During transplanting to a permanent location, prepared seedlings are placed on the plot every 15-20 centimeters. Cultures are sunk to the previously dug holes covered with dirt. Then compact the ground around the bushes and water the plants using warm water. When growing backyard violets, it’s essential to divide the bushes in the plantings every 3 decades.
Not every gardener will want to manage the cultivation of pansies seedlings, because it’s quite a troublesome undertaking. In this aspect, many flower growers sow seeds directly into the ground. Such operations should be completed from late May or early June. To obtain the flowering of the culture the subsequent calendar year, in early spring, the seeds must be sown in August.